Scrotal surgery is common in routine veterinary practice. Many techniques are available for commonly performed surgeries, and most can be accomplished easily in private practice and in the field. Procedures are described for surgical and nonsurgical castration, unilateral castration, inguinal herniorrhaphy, cryptorchidectomy, caudal epididymectomy, and vasectomy. Changes in current thinking about the timing of castration and about pain control in cattle surgery likely will alter the way veterinarians perform scrotal surgery in the years to come.
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